Java and.Net both are two main technologies intended for development of desktop and server-side applications. And both platforms enable the use of high-level programming languages to build large-scale applications. But both Java and .NET are often referred to as frameworks, only .NET is actually a framework in the strictest meaning of this word.
Java Vs. Net: Which is better?
Java and. Net both are the leading technologies used for large-scale apps all over the world. They have been developed over the years to support and enhance desktop and server-side application development. Generally, organizations and developers need to choose between the two. Since both platforms are ideal and there are advantages and disadvantages to either, one needs to look at the similarities and differences between the two.
For a good starting point on Comparison between.Net And Java, I would recommend that you read this article. And for other topics of interest, have a look at – Why & How is Java is Better For Your Enterprise Application
Here are top 8 differences between.Net and Java. Now, let’s take a look at such differences:
- Multi-Tiered Computing Technologies
Java and.Net both are technologies made to help developers build “tiered” web applications. The three-tiered applications comprise a server tier, client tier, and database tier. Both Java and.NET provide services to facilitate transactions in which business logic can be captured and data recorded.
- Enterprise Level Development
Java and .NET are both extremely good technologies to achieve the end goal of enterprise application development. Their beginning lies in C and C++ (Java) and C# (primary language for .NET). The platforms are both object-oriented, type-safe and have automatic garbage collection. While they use different syntax, they try to achieve the same result.
- Integrated Web Services
Java and .NET have increased capabilities to develop and combine web services, making applications more extensible and interoperable. Both technologies have a looking same set of process and features that provide a standard way of performing certain tasks like accessing databases, handling messages, scripting web pages and connecting to remote resources.
- Interpreted vs. compiled
Java is an interpreted language, which means the code isn’t converted to “machine language” until the software is executed. This makes the C# code a better performer. And if when a .NET project is deployed, the code is deployed and runs on the operating system on which it was compiled.
- Target platforms
Both these are technologies run on both Windows and Linux, and it’s a general rule of thumb that Java developers target Linux platforms while .NET programmers target when a .NET project is deployed, the code is deployed and runs on the operating system on which it was compiled.
It allows C# developers to write queries directly within the code instead of using stored procedures on the database server. Java has no LINQ equivalent.
- Switch and strings
”Java 7” was the first release that allowed this concept, so older Java frameworks won’t work with current switch statement syntax# inherently lets you use a switch statement on a string variable
- A keyword for data types
For instance, it’s “bool” with C# but “boolean” for Java. The “const” keyword in Java is “read-only” in C#. Both languages support data types, but the keywords used to define them are different.
Advantages and Disadvantages of .NET
- The leading advantage of the .NET platform is its unified environment provided by Microsoft .NET technologies provides seamless horizontal scalability where most tools and IDEs can be found within the Microsoft Developer Network.
- Although, support is available only for the Entity Framework, which results in limited object-relational support of .NET. It also helps to maintain properly code in this technology often runs slower than native code, while developers depend only on Microsoft for new features and enhancements.
- Generally, migration to .NET is more expensive compared to other frameworks.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Java
- Object-relational support is better, and Java calls the database less often, keeping everything in domain objects. Java is portable, so you can choose whatever operating system you need to develop your application or website.
- Java applications combine more without any seams with other platforms by using more advanced Continuous Integration tools such as Jenkins and Travis CI. Many integrating connectors are available for Java, and the Java community is strong and growing.
- Additionally, migrating between Java platforms is easy, as they provide backward compatibility.
Conclusion: How to Choose Between .NET And Java?
Both of these languages have been around for ages and are both iconic development platforms. But, when you have to create a decision between the two, there are some considerations you must weigh.
- The complexity of the Applications
The usually, perception is that Microsoft has a slight edge over Java for building apps that need a richer GUI and for delivering web-based content. Whereas Java has the upper hand for delivering complex applications that support a higher volume of data or users.
Java has lots of multi-platform compatibilities and that gives you the freedom of vendor choice. Many companies frequently opt for custom Java development when integration and interoperability are a priority.
- Existing Developer Skills
Consider your existing technology skillset and capabilities of your workforce. Do you have programmers that sway towards a particular technology? Training developers and replacing infrastructure might scale up the costs considerably.
Also Read: What’s the Difference Between ASP.NET and MVC?